Multiple sclerosis is a progressive autoimmune disease and it is considered to be the most common neurological disease encountered in young adults. Is attacks the central nervous system and causes extensive nerve damage. The effects of multiple sclerosis start from hand tremor, muscle weakness and lack of balance and progress into inability to walk and even paralysis.

The causes of multiple sclerosis have not been yet discovered but researchers believe that the immune system of the body attacks its nervous system, especially the fatty substance that covers the nerve cells (substance called myelin). The myelin is vital for the fats movement of electrical impulses between the nerve cells. Multiple sclerosis causes the myelin the brain and spinal cord to inflame and create lesions.

The symptoms of multiple sclerosis vary from one individual to another. The incipient faze the symptoms come and go and periods of reminision are experienced. The symptoms worsen during relapses and evolve into seizures, muscle spasm and depression. The symptoms usually appear between the ages of 20 and 40 years and start mildly with dizziness, hand tremor and abnormal sensations in arms and legs.

In order to diagnose multiple sclerosis a sum of tests are in order to be made. These tests include:

-         Checking the physical and neurological history

-         Blood test

-         Lumbar puncture

-          Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis, but symptoms can be controlled up to a certain point with muscle relaxers. Alternative treatments include physical therapy, regular exercises and a predefined diet. In order to have movement independence, equipments like canes and braces are of great help.

The medications prescribed for multiple sclerosis are the following: steroids, prednisone, corticosteroids, beta interferon, antispasmodics and beclofen. Alternative treatments may include gabapentin, cladribine, leustatin and maprotiline.

Thanks to England’s Department of Health records for the years 2002-2003 we have the following statistics regarding patients with multiple sclerosis:

- 90% of hospital consults for multiple sclerosis require hospitalization

- 13.9 days is the average length of hospitalization

- 30% of the people consulted for multiple sclerosis were men

- 69% of the people consulted for multiple sclerosis were women

- 49 years old was the average age for multiple sclerosis patients

- 86% of people consulted for multiple sclerosis were between 15 and 59 years old

- 2% if patients were over 75 years old

Ressources:
How To Reverse Multiple Sclerosis Now

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